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Historical Technology Timeline

My friend, Linda Alchin, a history author, published this technology timeline at datesandevents.org. How fascinating! 100% of the credit goes to her for gathering the data and publishing the timeline.

  • 2400 BC The abacus, the first known calculator, invented in Babylonia
  • 300 BC Pingala invents the binary number system
  • 87 BC Antikythera Mechanism invented in Rhodes to track movement of the stars
  • 1041 Movable type printing press invented by Bi Sheng
  • 1280 Eyeglasses were invented
  • 1350 Suspension bridges built in Peru
  • 1450 Alphabetic, movable type printing press invented by Johann Gutenberg
  • 1500 Ball bearing invented by Leonardo Da Vinci together with flying machines, including a helicopter, the first mechanical calculator and one of the first programmable robots
  • 1510 Pocket watch invented by Peter Henlein
  • 1576 Ironclad warship invented by Oda Nobunaga
  • 1581 Pendulum invented by Galileo Galilei
  • 1593 Thermometer invented by Galileo Galilei
  • 1608 Telescope invented by Hans Lippershey
  • 1609 Microscope invented by Galileo Galilei
  • 1642 Adding machine invented by Blaise Pascal
  • 1643 Barometer invented by Evangelista Torricelli
  • 1645 Vacuum pump invented by Otto von Guericke
  • 1657 Pendulum clock invented by Christiaan Huygens
  • 1679 Pressure cooker invented by Denis Papin
  • 1687 Newton, Principia: Newton’s physics formed the foundation of modern science
  • 1698 Steam engine invented by Thomas Savery
  • 1671 Gottfried Leibniz is known as one of the founding fathers of calculus
  • 1705 Steam piston engine invented by Thomas Newcomen
  • 1708 Jethro Tull invents mechanical (seed) sower
  • 1710 Thermometer invented by Rene Antoine Ferchault de Reaumur
  • 1733 John Kay invents flying shuttle.
  • 1742 Franklin stove invented by Benjamin Franklin
  • 1752 Lightning rod invented by Benjamin Franklin
  • 1767 Spinning jenny invented by James Hargreaves
  • 1769 Steam engine invented by James Watt
  • 1774 Priestly isolates oxygen
  • 1779 First steam powered mills automate the weaving process.
  • 1781 William Herschel discovers the planet Uranus.
  • 1783 Hot air balloon invented by Montgolfier brothers
  • 1791 Steamboat invented by John Fitch
  • 1793 Eli Whitney develops the cotton gin
  • 1798 Vaccination invented by Edward Jenner
  • 1799 Humphrey Davy discovers nitrous oxide (laughing gas)
  • 1799 Oliver Evans invents the conveyer belt
  • 1804 Locomotive invented by Richard Trevithick
  • 1814 Steam Locomotive (Blucher) invented by George Stephenson
  • 1816 Miner’s safety lamp invented by Humphry Davy
  • 1816 Stethoscope invented by Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laennec
  • 1820 The Arithmometer was the first mass-produced calculator invented by Charles Xavier Thomas de Colmar
  • 1821 Faraday demonstrates the principle of the electric motor.
  • 1822 Charles Babbage designs his first mechanical computer
  • 1821 Electric motor invented by Michael Faraday
  • 1826 Photography invented by Joseph Nicephore Niepce
  • 1830 Lawn mower invented by Edwin Beard Budding
  • 1831 Von Liebig discovers chloroform
  • 1831 Faraday discovers electro-magnetic current, making possible generators and electric engines.
  • 1834 Braille invented by Louis Braille
  • 1834 Refrigerator invented by Jacob Perkins
  • 1834 Combine harvester invented by Hiram Moore
  • 1835 Morse code invented by Samuel Morse
  • 1835 Revolver invented by Samuel Colt
  • 1838 Electric telegraph invented by Charles Wheatstone (also Samuel Morse)
  • 1838 Daguerre perfects the Daguerrotype.
  • 1839 Vulcanization of rubber invented by Charles Goodyear
  • 1842 Anaesthesia invented by Crawford Long
  • 1843 Typewriter invented by Charles Thurber
  • 1846 Sewing machine invented by Elias Howe
  • 1846 Rotary printing press invented by Richard M. Hoe
  • 1846 Pneumatic tire patented
  • 1846 Elias Howe invents the sewing machine
  • 1849 Safety pin invented by Walter Hunt
  • 1849 Monier develops reinforced concrete
  • 1859 Charles Darwin publishes The Origin of Species
  • 1859 Etienne Lenoir demonstrates the first successful gasoline engine
  • 1862 Revolving machine gun invented by Richard J. Gatling
  • 1862 Isaac Singer commercializes the sewing machine
  • 1862 Mechanical submarine invented by Narcís Monturiol i Estarriol
  • 1866 Dynamite invented by Alfred Nobel
  • 1866 Lister demonstrates the use of carbolic antiseptic
  • 1869 Mendeleev produces the Periodic Table
  • 1870 Stock ticker invented by Thomas Alva Edison
  • 1873 Christopher Sholes invents the Remington typewriter
  • 1873 James Clerk Maxwell states the laws of electro-magnetic radiation
  • 1876 Gasoline carburettor invented by Daimler
  • 1877 Phonograph invented by Thomas Alva Edison
  • 1877 Microphone invented by Emile Berliner
  • 1878 Cathode ray tube invented by William Crookes
  • 1878 Edison invents the incandescent lamp.
  • 1880 Photophone invented by Alexander Graham Bell
  • 1883 First skyscraper built in Chicago (ten stories)
  • 1883 Maxim invents the machine gun
  • 1885 Motorcycle invented by Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach
  • 1885 Benz develops first automobile to run on internal- combustion engine
  • 1888 Hertz produces radio waves.
  • 1888 Eiffel Tower is built
  • 1891 Zipper invented by Whitcomb L. Judson
  • 1891 Rudolf Diesel invents diesel
  • 1893 Wireless communication invented by Nikola Tesla
  • 1895 Diesel engine invented by Rudolf Diesel
  • 1895 Radio signals were invented by Guglielmo Marconi
  • 1895 Auguste and Louis Lumiere develop Cinematograph
  • 1895 Roentgen discovers X-rays
  • 1898 Remote control invented by Nikola Tesla
  • 1900 Planck develops quantum theory
  • 1900 First Zeppelin is built
  • 1901 Vacuum cleaner invented by Hubert Booth
  • 1903 Powered airplane invented by Wilbur Wright and Orville Wright
  • 1905 Einstein writes the Theory of Relativity.
  • 1907 Color photography invented by Auguste and Louis Lumiere
  • 1907 Helicopter invented by Paul Cornu
  • 1907 Radio amplifier invented by Lee DeForest
  • 1908 Henry Ford mass-produces the Model T.
  • 1909 Bakelite invented by Leo Baekeland
  • 1919 London to Paris air service begins
  • 1919 James Smathers develops the first electric typewriter
  • 1923 Sound film invented by Lee DeForest
  • 1923 Television Electronic invented by Philo Farnsworth
  • 1924 Electro Mechanical television system invented by John Logie Baird
  • 1926 Robert Goddard experiments with liquid-fueled rockets.
  • 1928 Antibiotics, penicillin invented by Alexander Fleming
  • 1931 Iconoscope invented by Vladimir Zworykin
  • 1937 Jet engine invented by Frank Whittle and Hans von Ohain
  • 1937 Alan Turing develops the concept of a theoretical computing machine
  • 1938 Ballpoint pen invented by Laszlo Biro
  • 1943 Enigma: Adolf Hitler uses the Enigma encryption machine
  • 1943Colossus: Alan Turing develops the the code-breaking machine Colossus
  • 1943Aqua-Lung invented by Jacques-Yves Cousteau and Emile Gagnan
  • 1945 The atomic bomb
  • 1946 Microwave oven invented by Percy Spencer
  • 1951 Nuclear power reactor invented by Walter Zinn
  • 1956 Optical fiber invented by Basil Hirschowitz, C. Wilbur Peters, and Lawrence E. Curtiss
  • 1956 Videocassette recorder invented by Ampex
  • 1957 Sputnik I and Sputnik II: Sputnik I and Sputnik II are launched by the Russians
  • 1958 Silicon chip: The first integrated circuit, or silicon chip, is produced by the US Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce
  • 1960 Laser invented by Theodore Harold Maiman
  • 1961 Uri Gagarin is the first man in space
  • 1961 Optical disc invented by David Paul Gregg
  • 1963 Computer mouse invented by Douglas Engelbart
  • 1967 Automatic Teller Machine (ATM) invented by John Shepherd-Barron
  • 1967 Hypertext invented by Andries van Dam and Ted Nelson
  • 1968 Video game console invented by Ralph H. Baer
  • 1969 The moon landing – Neil Armstrong sets foot on the moon
  • 1971 E-mail invented by Ray Tomlinson
  • 1971 Liquid Crystal Display invented by James Fergason
  • 1971 Pocket calculator invented by Sharp Corporation
  • 1971 Floppy Disk invented by David Noble with IBM
  • 1973 Ethernet invented by Bob Metcalfe and David Boggs
  • 1973 Personal computer invented by Xerox PARC
  • 1983 Camcorder invented by Sony
  • 1990 World Wide Web invented by Tim Berners-Lee
  • 2001 Digital satellite radio
  • 2001 Apple revolutionizes music listening by unveiling its iPod MP3 music player.
  • 2001 The Wikipedia online encyclopedia is founded by Larry Sanger and Jimmy Wales.
  • 2001 Bram Cohen develops BitTorrent file-sharing.
  • 2002 iRobot Corporation releases the first version of its Roomba® vacuum cleaning robot.
  • 2004 Electronic voting plays a major part in a controversial US Presidential Election.
  • 2005 A pioneering low-cost laptop for developing countries called OLPC is announced by MIT computing pioneer Nicholas Negroponte.
  • 2007 Amazon.com launches its Kindle electronic book (e-book) reader.
  • 2007 Apple introduces a touchscreen cellphone called the iPhone.
  • 2010 Apple releases its touchscreen tablet computer, the iPad.
  • 2013 Elon Musk announces “hyperloop”—a giant, pneumatic tube transport system.
  • 2015 Supercomputers (the world’s fastest computers) are now a mere 30 times less powerful than human brains.
  • 2016 Three nanotechnologists win the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for building miniature machines out of molecules.
  • 2017 Quantum computing shows signs of becoming a practical technology.

History Timelines of Events provide fast facts and information about famous events in history, such as those detailed in the Technology Timeline, precipitated a significant change in World history. This major historical event is arranged in the Technology Timeline by chronological, or date order, providing an actual sequence of this past event which was of significance to history. Many historical events, such as detailed in the Technology Timeline, occurred during times of crisis or evolution or change. Many of the famous World events as detailed in the Technology Timeline describe famous, critical and major incidents. The specific period in history detailed in the Technology Timeline led to great changes in the development of World Civilisation. The Technology Timeline timeline provides fast information via timelines which highlight the key dates and major historical significance in a fast information format. Specific information can be seen at a glance with concise and accurate details of this historical event of World significance. The History timelines of famous events include timelines and chronologies of many important events of significant occurrence and outcome including the Technology Timeline. -source: datesandevents.org